Countries of the World:
Resources about Belgium including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Belgium
GDP (PPP, 2009): $321 billion.
Annual real growth rate (2009): -1.5%.
Per capita income (PPP, 2009): $30,100.
Natural resources: Coal.
Agriculture: (1% of GDP) Products--livestock, including dairy
cattle, grain, sugarbeets, milk, tobacco, potatoes, and other
fruits and vegetables.
Industry: (24.3% of GDP) Types--engineering and metal
products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment,
scientific instruments, processed food and beverages,
chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Trade: Exports (2009)--$250 billion: transportation equipment,
diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs, chemicals.
Export partners: Germany 19.5%, France 16.7%, Netherlands
11.9%, U.K. 7.6%, U.S. 5.7%, Italy 5.2%. Imports (2009)--
$253.4 billion: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds,
foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, transportation equipment, oil
products. Import partners (2009): Germany 17.7%, Netherlands
17.6%, France 11.2%, U.K. 6.2%, U.S. 5.4%, Ireland 4.9%, China
Geography of Belgium
Area: 32,547 square kilometers (12,566 sq. mi.), about the
size of Maryland.
Cities: Capital--Brussels (pop. 1,031,215). Other cities--
Antwerp (466,203); Ghent (235,143); Charleroi (201,550); Liege
(188,907); Bruges (116,982); and Namur (107,653).
Government of Belgium
Type: Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch.
Constitution: 1994 (revised).
Branches: Executive--King (head of state), Prime Minister
(head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet).
Legislative--bicameral parliament (Senate and House of
Major political parties: Christian Democratic, Liberal,
Socialist, Green, Flemish Nationalists, Vlaams Belang (Flemish
Suffrage: Over 18, compulsory.
Political subdivisions: Ten provinces, three regions, three
communities, 589 municipalities.
Map of Belgium
This Map of Belgium shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Brussels the capital of
Belgium. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Belgium
The Official Name of Belgium is the Kingdom of Belgium. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Belgium
Population (2009): 10,666,866.
Annual population growth rate (2009): 0.094%.
Density: 861 per sq. mi. Linguistic regions--(Dutch-speaking)
Flanders 57.9%; (French-speaking) Wallonia 31.7%; (legally
bilingual) Brussels Capital Region 9.7%; German-speaking 0.7%.
Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic, with Protestant,
Jewish, Muslim, Anglican, Greek and Russian Orthodox, as well
as secularism, "recognized" religions receiving government
Languages: Dutch, French, German.
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