Countries of the World:
Resources about Belize including maps, facts about
the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Belize
GDP (current market prices, 2009): $2.534 billion.
Real annual growth rate (2009): -1.5%; (2008): 2.1%.
Per capita income (2009): $8,200.
Avg. inflation rate (2009 est.): 0.3%.
Natural resources: Arable land, timber, seafood, minerals.
Primary sectors (10.2% of GDP, 2009): Agriculture, forestry,
fishing, and mining.
Secondary sectors (18.1% of GDP, 2009): Manufacturing,
electricity and water supply, and construction.
Tertiary sectors (54.1% of GDP, 2009): Hotels and
restaurants, financial intermediation, trade, and transport
Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$395 million: cane sugar, citrus
concentrate, marine products, bananas, clothing, molasses,
and crude oil. Major markets--U.S. (36.9%), U.K., CARICOM.
Imports (2009 est.)--$616 million: food, consumer goods,
machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals,
pharmaceuticals, tobacco, mineral fuels, and lubricants.
Major suppliers--U.S. (38%), Central America, Mexico, and
Official exchange rate: Since 1976 Belizean banks have
bought U.S. dollars at the rate of 2.0175 and sold them at
1.9825, making for an effective fixed rate of Belize $2=U.S.
Geography of Belize
Area: 22,966 sq. km. (8,867 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Belmopan (June 2008 pop. est. 18,100). Other
cities and towns--Belize City (65,200), Corozal (9,300),
Orange Walk (16,300), San Ignacio and Santa Elena (19,100),
Dangriga (12,000), Punta Gorda (5,400), and San Pedro
Terrain: Flat and swampy coastline, low mountains in interior.
Climate: Subtropical (dry and wet seasons). Hot and humid.
Rainfall ranges from 60 inches in the north to 200 inches in
the south annually.
Government of Belize
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: September 21, 1981.
Constitution: September 21, 1981.
Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state),
represented by a governor general; prime minister (head of
government, 5-year term). Legislative--bicameral National
Assembly. Judicial--Court of Appeal, Supreme Court, district
Subdivisions: Six districts.
Political parties: United Democratic Party (UDP), People's
United Party (PUP), National Alliance for Belizean Rights
(NABR), National Reform Party (NRP), Vision Inspired By the
People (VIP), People's National Party (PNP), We the People
Reform Movement (WTP).
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Map of Belize
This Map of Belize shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Belmopan the capital of
Belize. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Belize
The Official Name of Belize is Belize. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Belize
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Belizean(s).
Population (July 2010 est.): 307,899.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.154%.
Ethnic groups: Creole, Garifuna, mestizo, Mayan.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, Mennonite,
other Protestant, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist.
Languages: English (official), Creole, Spanish, Garifuna,
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance (2006 est.)--90%
primary; 38% secondary. Literacy (2006 est.)--76.5%.
Health (2009): Infant mortality rate--23.07/1,000 live births.
Life expectancy--68.2 years.
Work force (2009, 122,300): Services--71.7%. Agriculture,
hunting, forestry, and fishing--10.2%. Industry and commerce--
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