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Countries of the World: Bolivia
Resources about Bolivia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Bolivia Economy (2009 est.) GDP: $17.5 billion. Annual growth rate: 3.7%. Per capita income: $1,767. Natural resources: Hydrocarbons (natural gas, petroleum); minerals (14.24% of GDP--zinc, silver, lead, gold, and iron). Agriculture (10.44% of GDP): Major products--Soybeans, cotton, potatoes, corn, sugarcane, rice, wheat, coffee, beef, barley, and quinoa. Arable land--27%. Manufacturing (11.17% of GDP): Types--food and beverages, textiles, wood. Transportation and communications: 8.41% of GDP. Public administration services: 10.44% of GDP. Trade: Exports--$5.3 billion (2009 est.). Major export products--natural gas, tin, zinc, coffee, silver, wood, gold, jewelry, soybeans, and soy products. Major export markets--Brazil (31.47%), Republic of Korea (9.34%), Argentina (8.15%), U.S. (7.72%), Japan (5.73%), and Peru (5.39%). Imports--$4.4 billion (2009 est.). Major products-- machinery and transportation equipment, consumer products, construction and mining equipment. Major suppliers--Brazil (17.64%), Argentina (13.92%), U.S. (13.28%), China (8.43%), Peru (7.19%), Venezuela (7.04%), Japan (6.97%), and Chile (5.38%).

Geography of Bolivia Area: 1.1 million sq. km. (425,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Texas and California combined. Cities: Capital--La Paz (administrative--pop. 800,385); Sucre (constitutional--292,080). Other major cities--Santa Cruz (1,486,115), Cochabamba (587,220), El Alto (858,716). (Population est. 2004.) La Paz is the highest of the world’s capital cities--3,600 meters (11,800 ft.) above sea level. The adjacent city of El Alto, at 4,200 meters (13,800 ft.), is one of the fastest- growing in the hemisphere. Santa Cruz, the nation’s industrial and commercial hub in the eastern lowlands, is also experiencing rapid population and economic growth. Terrain: High plateau (altiplano), temperate and semi-tropical valleys, and tropical lowlands. Climate: Varies with altitude--from humid and tropical to semi-arid and cold.

Government of Bolivia Type: Plurinational state. Independence: August 6, 1825. Constitution: 1967; revised 1994; voters approved a new constitution on January 25, 2009, which went into effect on February 7, 2009. Branches: Executive--president and cabinet. Legislative-- bicameral Congress (“Plurinational Assembly”). Judicial--five levels of jurisdiction, headed by Supreme Court with a separate Constitutional Tribunal, and a Supreme Electoral Tribunal which rules on matters related to the electoral process. Subdivisions: Nine departments (similar to states), headed by elected governors. Major political parties: Movement Toward Socialism (MAS), National Unity (UN), Fearless Movement (MSM), Social Alliance (AS), and several smaller, regional citizen movements. Suffrage: Universal adult (age 18), compulsory.

Map of Bolivia This Map of Bolivia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including La Paz the capital of Bolivia.(Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Bolivia The Official Name of Bolivia is the Plurinational State of Bolivia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Bolivia Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bolivian(s). Population (2009 est.): 10,227,299. Annual population growth rate: 1.97%. Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic; minority Protestant. Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani. Education (2007): Years compulsory--ages 7-14; literacy-- 90.74%. Health (2009): Infant mortality rate--43.18 per 1,000 births. Work force (2007, 6.4 million): Agricultural sector 2.4 million; mining 994,955; services 977,635; public administration 109,054. Ethnic groups (2001): 55% indigenous (primarily Aymara and Quechua), 30% mestizo or mixed, 15% European.

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