Countries of the World:
Resources about Botswana including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Botswana
Nominal GDP (2009 est.): $12.0 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2009): -4.8%.
Per capita nominal GDP (2009 est.): $6,200.
Natural resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, coal, soda ash,
salt, gold, potash.
Agriculture (2% of real GDP, 2008): Products--livestock,
sorghum, white maize, millet, cowpeas, beans.
Industry: Types--mining (40% of real GDP, 2008): diamonds,
copper, nickel, coal; tourism, textiles, construction, beef
processing, chemical products production, food and beverage
Trade (2008): Exports--$5.127 billion f.o.b.: diamonds,
nickel, copper, meat products, textiles, hides, skins, and
soda ash. Partners--EU, South Africa. Imports--$3.931 billion
f.o.b.: machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods,
food, chemicals, fuels. Major suppliers--South Africa, EU, and
Geography of Botswana
Area: 582,000 sq. km. (224,710 sq. mi.), about the size of
Cities (2001 census): Capital--Gaborone (pronounced ha-bo-ro-
neh), pop. 186,007. Other towns--Francistown (83,023), Selebi-
Phikwe (49,849), Molepolole (54,561), Kanye (40,628), Serowe
(42,444), Mahalapye (39,719), Lobatse (29,689), Maun (43,776),
Terrain: Desert and savanna.
Climate: Mostly subtropical.
Government of Botswana
Type: Republic, parliamentary democracy.
Independence: September 30, 1966.
Constitution: March 1965.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--popularly elected National
Assembly; advisory House of Chiefs. Judicial--High Court,
Court of Appeal, local and customary courts, industrial labor
Administrative subdivisions: Five town councils and nine
Major political parties: Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) 44
seats, Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) 6 seats, Botswana
National Front (BNF) 6 seats, Botswana Congress Party
(BCP)/Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) 5 seats.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Botswana
This Map of Botswana shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Gaborone the capital of
Botswana. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Botswana
The Official Name of Botswana is the Republic of Botswana. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of Botswana
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Motswana (sing.), Batswana
Population (est.): 1.84 million.
Annual population growth rate (2008): 1.434%.
Ethnic groups: Tswana 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero,
Bayeyi, Hambukush, Basarwa ("San"), Khoi, whites 10%.
Religions: Christianity 70%, none 20%, indigenous beliefs 6%,
Languages: English (official), Setswana, Ikalanga.
Education: Adult literacy--81%.
Health (2008): Life expectancy--50.6 years. Infant mortality
Work force (2005-2006 est.): 548,600 employed; total including
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