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Countries of the World: Botswana
Resources about Botswana including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Botswana Nominal GDP (2009 est.): $12.0 billion. Real GDP growth rate (2009): -4.8%. Per capita nominal GDP (2009 est.): $6,200. Natural resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, coal, soda ash, salt, gold, potash. Agriculture (2% of real GDP, 2008): Products--livestock, sorghum, white maize, millet, cowpeas, beans. Industry: Types--mining (40% of real GDP, 2008): diamonds, copper, nickel, coal; tourism, textiles, construction, beef processing, chemical products production, food and beverage production. Trade (2008): Exports--$5.127 billion f.o.b.: diamonds, nickel, copper, meat products, textiles, hides, skins, and soda ash. Partners--EU, South Africa. Imports--$3.931 billion f.o.b.: machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals, fuels. Major suppliers--South Africa, EU, and U.S.

Geography of Botswana Area: 582,000 sq. km. (224,710 sq. mi.), about the size of Texas. Cities (2001 census): Capital--Gaborone (pronounced ha-bo-ro- neh), pop. 186,007. Other towns--Francistown (83,023), Selebi- Phikwe (49,849), Molepolole (54,561), Kanye (40,628), Serowe (42,444), Mahalapye (39,719), Lobatse (29,689), Maun (43,776), Mochudi (36,962). Terrain: Desert and savanna. Climate: Mostly subtropical.

Government of Botswana Type: Republic, parliamentary democracy. Independence: September 30, 1966. Constitution: March 1965. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government), cabinet. Legislative--popularly elected National Assembly; advisory House of Chiefs. Judicial--High Court, Court of Appeal, local and customary courts, industrial labor court. Administrative subdivisions: Five town councils and nine district councils. Major political parties: Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) 44 seats, Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) 6 seats, Botswana National Front (BNF) 6 seats, Botswana Congress Party (BCP)/Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) 5 seats. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Botswana This Map of Botswana shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Gaborone the capital of Botswana. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Botswana The Official Name of Botswana is the Republic of Botswana. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Botswana Nationality: Noun and adjective--Motswana (sing.), Batswana (pl.). Population (est.): 1.84 million. Annual population growth rate (2008): 1.434%. Ethnic groups: Tswana 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero, Bayeyi, Hambukush, Basarwa ("San"), Khoi, whites 10%. Religions: Christianity 70%, none 20%, indigenous beliefs 6%, other 4%. Languages: English (official), Setswana, Ikalanga. Education: Adult literacy--81%. Health (2008): Life expectancy--50.6 years. Infant mortality rate--44.01/1,000. Work force (2005-2006 est.): 548,600 employed; total including unemployed, 651,500.

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