Countries of the World:
Resources about Cambodia including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Cambodia
GDP (2009): $10.8 billion.
Per capita GDP (2009): $731.
Annual growth rate (2009): 0.1%.
Inflation (2009): 4.5%.
Natural resources: Timber, gemstones, some iron ore,
manganese and phosphate, hydroelectric potential from the
Mekong River, unknown quantities of oil, gas, and bauxite.
Agriculture (33.5% of GDP, 2009 est.): About 4,848,000
hectares (12 million acres) are unforested land; all are
arable with irrigation, but 2.5 million hectares are
cultivated. Products--rice, rubber, corn, meat, vegetables,
dairy products, sugar, flour.
Industry (21.7% of GDP, 2009 est.): Types--garment and shoe
manufacturing, rice milling, tobacco, fisheries and fishing,
wood and wood products, textiles, cement, some rubber
production, paper and food processing.
Services (38.8% of GDP, 2009 est.): Tourism,
telecommunications, transportation, and construction.
Central government budget (2009): Revenues--$1.38 billion;
expenditures--$1.8 billion; foreign financing--$606 million.
Trade: Exports ($3.9 billion, 2009)--garments, shoes,
cigarettes, natural rubber, rice, pepper, wood, fish. Major
partners--United States, Germany, U.K., Singapore, Japan,
Vietnam. Imports ($5.4 billion, 2009)--fuels, cigarettes,
vehicles, consumer goods, machinery. Major partners--
Thailand, Singapore, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Taiwan,
Economic aid received: $989 million in grants or
concessional loans were disbursed in 2009. Major donors--
Asian Development Bank (ADB), UN Development Program (UNDP),
World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Australia, Canada,
China, Denmark, the EU, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
Sweden, Thailand, the U.K., and the U.S.
Principal foreign commercial investors: Korea, China,
Russia, Thailand, the U.S., and Vietnam.
Exchange rate (2009): 4,166 riel per U.S. $1.
Geography of Cambodia
Area: 181,040 sq. km. (69,900 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Phnom Penh (pop. 1.3 million), Battambang,
Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Prey Veng, Kompong Cham.
Terrain: Central plain drained by the Tonle Sap (Great Lake)
and Mekong and Bassac Rivers. Forests away from the rivers and
the lake, mountains in the southwest (Cardamom Mountains) and
north (Dangrek Mountains) along the border with Thailand.
Climate: Tropical monsoon with rainy season June-Oct. and dry
Government of Cambodia
Type: Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy.
Independence: November 9, 1953.
Constitution: September 24, 1993; amended March 6, 1999 and
March 2, 2006.
Branches: Executive--King Sihamoni (head of state since
October 29, 2004), prime minister (Hun Sen since January 14,
1985), 10 deputy prime ministers, 16 senior ministers, 26
ministers, 206 secretaries of state, and 205
undersecretaries of state. Legislative--National Assembly,
consisting of 123 elected members; Senate, consisting of 61
members. Judicial--Supreme Court and lower courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 23 provinces and 1 capital
Political parties and leaders: Ruling parties--A coalition
government of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP), led by
Samdech Chea Sim; and the National United Front for an
Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia
(FUNCINPEC), led by Keo Puth Reasmey. Norodom Ranariddh
Party representatives will serve out their term in
parliament but announced in June 2009 their renaming as the
Nationalist Party, which plans to join in a coalition with
FUNCINPEC prior to 2012 commune elections. Opposition
parties--The Sam Rainsy Party (SRP), led by Sam Rainsy;
Human Rights Party, led by Kem Sokha.
Map of Cambodia
This Map of Cambodia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Phnom Penh the capital of
Cambodia.(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Cambodia
The Official Name of Cambodia is the Kingdom of Cambodia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Cambodia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Cambodian(s), Khmer.
Population (2008 census): 13.4 million.
Avg. annual growth rate (2008 census) 1.54%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--58/1,000. Life expectancy--59
years male; 63 years female.
Ethnic groups: Cambodian 90%; Vietnamese 5%; Chinese 1%;
others 4%: small numbers of hill tribes, Cham, and Lao.
Religions: Theravada Buddhism 95%; Islam; animism; Christian.
Languages: Khmer (official) spoken by more than 95% of the
population; some French still spoken in urban areas; English
increasingly popular as a second language.
Education: Years compulsory--nine years. Enrollment--primary
school, 94.4%; grades 7 to 9, 33.9%; grades 10 to 12, 16.4%;
and tertiary, 2.8%. Completion rates--primary school, 85.58%;
lower secondary school, 49.05%; upper secondary school,
20.58%; university, 6%. Literacy (total population over 15
that can read and write, 2007)--75.1% (male approx. 85%;
female approx. 64%).
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