Countries of the World:
Resources about Cameroon including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Cameroon
GDP (2009): $21.84 billion (World Bank).
Annual real GDP growth rate (2009): 2% (World Bank).
GDP per capita (2009): $1,120 (World Bank).
Inflation (2009 est.): 5.3%.
Natural resources: Oil, timber, hydroelectric power, natural
gas, cobalt, nickel, iron ore, uranium.
Agriculture (2009): 19.8% of GDP. Products--timber, coffee,
tea, bananas, cocoa, rubber, palm oil, pineapples, cotton.
Arable land (2005 est.)--12.54%.
Industry (2009): 29.7% of GDP.
Services (2009): 50.4% of GDP.
Trade (2008): Exports--$5.246 billion: crude oil, timber and
finished wood products, cotton, cocoa, aluminum and aluminum
products, coffee, rubber, bananas. Major markets--European
Union, CEMAC, China, U.S., Nigeria (informal). Imports--$4.362
billion: crude oil, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, aluminum oxide,
rubber, foodstuffs and grains, agricultural inputs,
lubricants, used clothing. Major suppliers--France, Nigeria,
Italy, U.S., Germany, Belgium, Japan.
Geography of Cameroon
Area: 475,000 sq. km. (184,000 sq. mi.), about the size of
Cities (2008 World Gazetteer estimates): Capital--Yaounde
(pop. 1.677 million). Other major cities--Douala (1.978
million), Garoua (519,000), Maroua (486,000), Bafoussam
(348,000), Bamenda (486,000), Loum (221,000), and Ngaoundere
Terrain: Northern plains, central and western highlands,
southern and coastal tropical forests. Mt. Cameroon (13,353
ft.) in the southwest is the highest peak in West Africa and
the sixth in Africa.
Climate: Northern plains, the Sahel region--semiarid and hot
(7-month dry season); central and western highlands where
Yaounde is located--cooler, shorter dry season; southern
tropical forest--warm, 4-month dry season; coastal tropical
forest, where Douala is located--warm, humid year-round.
Government of Cameroon
Type: Republic; strong central government dominated by
Independence: January 1, 1960 (for areas formerly ruled by
France) and October 1, 1961 (for territory formerly ruled by
Constitution: June 2, 1972, last amended in 2008.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), 7-year
term, no term limits; appointed prime minister (head of
government). Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (180
members; meets briefly three times a year--March, June,
November); a new Senate was called for under constitutional
changes made in early 1996, but has not yet been
established. Judicial--falls under the executive's Ministry
Administrative subdivisions: 10 regions, 58 departments or
divisions, 349 subprefectures or subdivisions.
Political parties: Cameroon People's Democratic Movement
(CPDM) or its predecessor parties have ruled since
independence. Major opposition parties: the Social
Democratic Front (SDF), the National Union for Democracy and
Progress (UNDP), and the Cameroon Democratic Union (CDU).
Suffrage: Universal at 20.
Map of Cameroon
This Map of Cameroon shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Yaounde the capital of Cameroon.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Cameroon
The Official Name of Cameroon is the Republic of Cameroon.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Cameroon
Nationality: English noun and adjective--Cameroonian(s);
French noun and adjective--Camerounais(e).
Population (2009 est.): 19,521,645 (World Bank).
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.6%.
Ethnic groups: About 250.
Religions: Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous African 40%.
Languages: French and English (both official) and about 270
African languages and dialects, including pidgin, Fulfulde,
Education: Compulsory between ages 6 and 14. Attendance--65%.
Literacy--76% (World Bank).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--82/1,000 live births.
Life expectancy (2008)--51 yrs. (World Bank).
Work force: Agriculture--70%. Industry and commerce--13%.
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