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Countries of the World: Canada
Resources about Canada including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Canada GDP (2008): $1.2 trillion. Real GDP growth rate (2008): 2.7%. Per capita GDP (2008): $47,131 (nominal); $37,722 (PPP). Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, hydroelectric power, metals and minerals, fish, forests, wildlife, abundant fresh water. Agriculture: Products--wheat, livestock and meat, feed grains, oil seeds, dairy products, tobacco, fruits, vegetables. Industry: Types--motor vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, aircraft and components, other diversified manufacturing, fish and forest products, processed and unprocessed minerals. Trade: U.S. merchandise exports to Canada (2008)--$264.2 billion: motor vehicles and spare parts, industrial and electrical machinery, plastics, computers, chemicals, petroleum products and natural gas, and agricultural products. In 2008, 63% of Canada's imports came from the United States. U.S. merchandise imports from Canada (2008)-- $347.9 billion: motor vehicles and spare parts, crude petroleum and natural gas, forest products, agricultural products, metals, industrial machinery, and aircraft. In 2008, 75% of Canada's exports went to the United States.

Geography of Canada Area: 9.9 million sq. km. (3.8 million sq. mi.); second- largest country in the world. Cities: Capital--Ottawa (pop. 1.1 million). Other major cities--Toronto (5.1 million), Montreal (3.6 million), Vancouver (2.1 million), Calgary (1.1 million), Edmonton (1.0 million), Quebec City (0.7 million), Winnipeg (0.7 million), Hamilton (0.7 million). Terrain: Mostly plains with mountains in the west and lowlands in the southeast. Climate: Temperate to arctic.

Government of Canada Type: Federation, parliamentary democracy, and constitutional monarchy. Confederation: July 1, 1867. Constitution: The British North America Act of 1867 patriated to Canada on April 17, 1982, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and unwritten custom and convention. The Constitution Acts of 1867 and 1982, and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms are collectively referred to as the Constitution Act. Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state represented by a governor general), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament (308- member House of Commons; 105-seat Senate). Judicial--Supreme Court. Federal-level political parties: Liberal Party, Conservative Party of Canada, Bloc Quebecois (BQ), New Democratic Party (NDP). Subdivisions: 10 provinces, 3 territories.

Map of Canada This Map of Canada shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Ottawa the capital of Canada. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Canada The Official Name of Canada is Canada. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Canada Nationality: Noun and adjective--Canadian(s). Population (2009 est.): 33.7 million. Ethnic groups: British/Irish 28%, French 23%, other European 15%, Asian/Arab/African 6%, indigenous Amerindian 2%, mixed background 26%. Religions: Roman Catholic 43.6%, Protestant 29.2%, other Christian 4.3%, Muslim 2.0%, Jewish 1.1%, Buddhist 1.0%, Hindu 1.0% other 1.3%, none 16.5%. Languages: English (official) 57.8%, French (official) 22.1%, other 20.1% (including Chinese and aboriginal languages). Education: Literacy--99% of population aged 15 and over has at least a ninth-grade education. Health: Infant mortality rate--5.4/1,000. Life expectancy-- 77.7 yrs. male, 82.5 yrs. female. Work force (2009, 18.4 million): Goods-producing sector-- 25%, of which: manufacturing 15%; construction 6%; agriculture 2%; natural resources 2%; utilities 1%. Service- producing sector--75%, of which: trade 16%; health care and social assistance 11%; educational services 7%, accommodation and food services 7%; professional, scientific, and technical services 7%; finance 6%; public administration 5%; transportation and warehousing 5%; information, culture, and recreation 5%; other services 4%.

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