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Countries of the World: Chad
Resources about Chad including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Chad GDP, current prices (2010): $7.9 billion. GDP per capita income (2008): $780. Population living below poverty line (2008): 43.4%. Natural resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore. Agriculture (2008, 13.6% of GDP): Products--sugar, cotton, gum arabic, livestock, fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, sweet potatoes, cassava, dates, manioc. Arable land (2007)-- 38%. Industry (2008, 48.8% of GDP): Types--meatpacking, beer brewing, soap, cigarettes, construction materials, natron mining, soft-drink bottling. Services (2008): 37.6% of GDP. Trade: Exports--U.S. $2.71 billion (f.o.b., 2009): oil, cotton, livestock, gum arabic. Major markets--United States, Nigeria, France, Cameroon, Portugal, Germany, Thailand, Costa Rica, South Africa. Imports--U.S. $2.54 billion (f.o.b., 2009): petroleum products, machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, industrial goods, textiles. Major suppliers (2004)--U.S., France, Cameroon, Nigeria. Central government budget (2010): Revenues--U.S. $2.06 billion. Expenditures--U.S. $2.4 billion. Defense (2002): $31 million. National holiday: Independence Day, August 11. Fiscal year: Calendar year. U.S. aid received to date (FY 2008 and 2009): Total USAID and State humanitarian assistance to Chad--$777,425,663.

Geography of Chad Area: 1,284,634 sq. km. (496,000 sq. mi.); about twice the size of Texas. Cities: Capital--N'Djamena (pop. 1 million est.). Other major cities--Moundou, Abeche, Sarh, Bongor, Faya. Terrain: Desert, mountainous north; large arid central plain; fertile lowlands in southern regions. Climate: Northern desert--very dry throughout the year; central plain--hot and dry, with intense rainy season mid-June to mid-September; southern lowlands--warm and more humid with intense rainy seasons from late May to early October.

Government of Chad Type: Republic. Independence: August 11, 1960 (from France). Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister, Council of State. Legislative--National Assembly (unicameral). Judicial--Supreme Court; Court of Appeals; criminal courts; magistrate courts. Major political parties: The Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS) is dominant, with a coalition of 103 of the 120 parties. The other 17 are aligned in the opposition coalition called the Coalition for the Defense of the Constitution (CPDC). Suffrage: Universal over 18. Administrative subdivisions: 22 regions.

Map of Chad This Map of Chad shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including N'Djamena the capital of Chad. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Chad The Official Name of Chad is the Republic of Chad. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Chad Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chadian(s). Population (2009 census): 11,175,915. Annual growth rate (2009 census): 3.5%. Density: 8.7 per sq. km. (3.36 per sq. mi.). Ethnic groups: 200 distinct groups. In the north and center, Gorane (sub-groups are Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Arabs, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim. In the south, Sara (including major subgroups--Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moudang, Moussei, and Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist. About 1,000 French citizens live in Chad. Religions: Muslim 55%, Christian 35%, animist 10%. Languages: French and Arabic (official); Sara (in the south), more than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects. Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--primary school 82.71% (2008); secondary school 19.02% (2007); higher education n/a. Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic, 2003 est.)--48%. Health: Life expectancy (2009 est.)--48.7 years. Infant mortality rate (2008 est.)--130 deaths/1,000 live births. Work force (2006 est.)--3.747 million. Agriculture--more than 80%; largely subsistence agriculture and stock raising.

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