Countries of the World:
Resources about Chile including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Chile
GDP (official exchange rate): $150.4 billion.
Annual real growth rate: -1.5%.
Per capita GDP (purchasing power parity): $14,700.
Forestry, agriculture, and fisheries (6% of GDP): Products--
fruits, wheat, potatoes, corn, sugar beets, onions, beans,
Commerce (8% of GDP): Sales, restaurants, hotels.
Manufacturing (17% of GDP): Types--mineral refining, metal
manufacturing, food processing, fish processing, paper and
wood products, finished textiles.
Electricity, gas, and water: 3% of GDP.
Transportation and communication: 7% of GDP.
Construction: 8% of GDP.
Financial services (12% of GDP): Insurance, leasing,
Mining (13% of GDP): Copper, iron ore, nitrates, precious
metals, and molybdenum.
Trade: Exports--$57.61 billion: copper, fruits and nuts,
fish and seafood, and wood products. Major markets--U.S.,
Japan, China, Netherlands, South Korea, Brazil, Italy,
Mexico. Imports--$40.91 billion: fuels, heavy industrial
machinery, motor vehicles, electrical machinery, plastic.
Major suppliers--U.S., China, Brazil, Argentina, South
Geography of Chile
Area: 756,945 sq. km. (302,778 sq. mi.); nearly twice the size
Cities: Capital--Santiago (metropolitan area est. 6.25
million). Other cities--Concepcion-Talcahuano (840,000), Viña
del Mar-Valparaiso (800,000), Antofagasta (245,000), Temuco
Terrain: Desert in north; fertile central valley; volcanoes
and lakes toward the south, giving way to rugged and complex
coastline; Andes Mountains on the eastern border.
Climate: Arid in north, Mediterranean in the central portion,
cool and damp in south.
Government of Chile
Independence: September 18, 1810.
Constitution: Promulgated September 11, 1980; effective
March 11, 1981; amended in 1989, 1993, 1997, and 2005.
Branches: Executive--president. Legislative--bicameral
legislature. Judicial--Constitutional Tribunal, Supreme
Court, court of appeals, military courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 14 numbered regions including
two numbered and made operative October 8, 2007--Region XIV
Los Rios and Region XV Arica--and the Santiago metropolitan
region, administered by appointed "intendentes." Regions are
divided into provinces, administered by appointed governors;
provinces are divided into municipalities administered by
Political parties: Major parties are grouped into two large
coalitions: 1) the center-left "Concertacion", which
includes the Christian Democrat Party, the Socialist Party,
the Party for Democracy, and the Radical Social Democratic
Party; and 2) the center-right "Alliance for Chile" (or
“Alianza”), which includes the National Renewal Party and
the Independent Democratic Union. The Communist Party joined
the Humanistic Party and a number of smaller parties to form
the "Together We Can" coalition in 2004. A new center-left
party, "Chile-First," was established in October 2007.
Suffrage: Universal at 18, including foreigners legally
resident for more than 5 years.
Map of Chile
This Map of Chile shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including Santiago the capital of Chile. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Chile
The Official Name of Chile is the Republic of Chile. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Chile
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chilean(s).
Population (2009): 16.6 million.
Annual population growth rate: 0.881%.
Ethnic groups: Spanish-Native-American (mestizo), European,
Religions: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's
Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3%.
Education: Years compulsory--12. Attendance--3 million. Adult
Health: Infant mortality rate--8.9/1,000. Life expectancy--71
yrs. for men, 78 for women.
Work force (6.94 million); employed 6.45 million: Community,
social and individual services--26%; industry--14.4%;
commerce--17.6%; agriculture, forestry, and fishing--13.9%;
construction--7.1%; financial services--7.5%; transportation
and communication--8.0%; electricity, gas and water--0.5%;
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking