Countries of the World:
Resources about China including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of China
GDP (2009): $4.814 trillion (exchange rate-based).
Per capita GDP (2009): $3,678 (exchange rate-based).
GDP real growth rate (2009): 8.7%.
Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas,
mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum,
vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium,
hydropower potential (world's largest).
Agriculture: Products--Among the world's largest producers
of rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet,
barley; commercial crops include cotton, other fibers,
apples, oilseeds, pork and fish; produces variety of
Industry: Types--mining and ore processing, iron, steel,
aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building;
armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement;
chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including
footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing;
transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars
and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications
equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites.
Trade: Exports (2009)--$1.194 trillion: electrical and other
machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel,
textiles, iron and steel, optical and medical equipment.
Main partners (2008)--United States 17.7%, Hong Kong 13.3%,
Japan 8.1%, South Korea 5.2%, Germany 4.1%. Imports (2009)--
$921.5 billion: electrical and other machinery, oil and
mineral fuels, optical and medical equipment, metal ores,
plastics, organic chemicals. Main partners (2008)--Japan
13.3%, South Korea 9.9%, Taiwan 9.2%, U.S. 7.2%, Germany
Geography of China
Total area: 9,596,961 sq. km. (about 3.7 million sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Beijing. Other major cities--Shanghai,
Tianjin, Shenyang, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Harbin,
Terrain: Plains, deltas, and hills in east; mountains, high
plateaus, deserts in west.
Climate: Tropical in south to subarctic in north.
Government of China
Type: Communist party-led state.
Constitution: December 4, 1982; revised several times, most
recently in 2004.
Independence: Unification under the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty 221
BC; Qing (Ch'ing or Manchu) Dynasty replaced by a republic on
February 12, 1912; People's Republic established October 1,
Branches: Executive--president, vice president, State Council,
premier. Legislative--unicameral National People's Congress.
Judicial--Supreme People's Court.
Administrative divisions: 23 provinces (the P.R.C. considers
Taiwan to be its 23rd province); 5 autonomous regions,
including Tibet; 5 municipalities directly under the State
Political parties: Chinese Communist Party, 76 million
members; 8 minor parties under Communist Party supervision.
Map of China
This Map of China shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including Beijing the capital of China. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of China
The Official Name of China is the People's Republic of China.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of China
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chinese (singular and
Population (July 2010 est.): 1,330,141,295.
Population growth rate (2010 est.): 0.494%.
Health (2010 est.): Infant mortality rate--16.51 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy--74.51 years (overall); 72.54
years for males, 76.77 years for females.
Ethnic groups (2000 census): Han Chinese 91.5%; Zhuang,
Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi,
Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%.
Religions: Officially atheist; Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist,
Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%.
Language: Mandarin (Putonghua), plus many local dialects.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--93%.
Labor force (2009 est.): 812.7 million. Labor force by
occupation (2008 est.): Agriculture and forestry--39.5%,
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