Countries of the World:
Resources about Congo (Kinshasa) including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Congo (Kinshasa)
GDP (2009): $10.82 billion.
Annual GDP growth rate (2009): 2.7%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $171.
Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, diamonds, gold, other
minerals; petroleum; wood; hydroelectric potential.
Agriculture: Cash crops--coffee, rubber, palm oil, cotton,
cocoa, sugar, tea. Food crops--manioc, corn, legumes,
Land use: Agriculture 3%; pasture 7%; forest/woodland 77%;
Industry: Types--processed and unprocessed minerals;
consumer products, including textiles, plastics, footwear,
cigarettes, metal products; processed foods and beverages,
Currency: Congolese franc (FC). The U.S. dollar is also used
as legal tender.
Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$3.787 billion. Products--
diamonds, cobalt, copper, coffee, petroleum. Main partners--
EU, Japan, South Africa, U.S., China. Imports (2009 est.)--
$5.254 billion. Products--consumer goods (food, textiles),
capital equipment, refined petroleum products. Partners--EU,
China, South Africa, U.S.
Official debt (est.): $13.5 billion.
Geography of Congo (Kinshasa)
Location: Central Africa. Bordering nations--Angola, Burundi,
Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda,
Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.
Area: 2.345 sq. km. (905,063 sq. mi.; about the size of the
U.S. east of the Mississippi).
Cities: Capital--Kinshasa (pop. 8 million). Regional capitals-
-Bandundu, Bukavu, Goma, Kananga, Kindu, Kisangani,
Lubumbashi, Matadi, Mbandaka, Mbuji-Mayi.
Terrain: Varies from tropical rainforests to mountainous
terraces, plateaus, savannas, dense grasslands, and mountains.
Climate: Equatorial; ranges from tropical rainforest in the
Congo River basin, hot and humid in much of the north and
west, cooler and drier in the south central area and the east.
Government of Congo (Kinshasa)
Type: Republic; highly centralized with executive power
vested in the president.
Independence: June 30, 1960 (from Belgium).
Constitution: The D.R.C. has had numerous constitutions,
constitutional amendments, and transitional constitutions
since independence. The currently operative constitution was
approved by 84% of voters in a December 2005 referendum and
officially promulgated in February 2006.
Branches: Executive--President is head of state. Cabinet is
appointed by the ruling party in the parliament. Prime
minister is elected by the parliament. Legislative--The 500-
member lower house of parliament was elected in July 30,
2006 national elections. Provincial Assemblies elected the
Senate in October 29, 2006 elections, and provincial
governors in early 2007. Judicial--Supreme Court (Cour
Administrative subdivisions: Eleven provinces including the
capital city, Kinshasa.
Political parties: President Joseph Kabila's party is Parti
du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et le Developpement (PPRD).
Two main coalitions, the Alliance pour la Majorite
Presidentielle (AMP) and the Union pour la Nation (UN),
respectively represent President Kabila and former
Transitional Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba. Bemba was
Kabila’s principal opponent in the 2006 presidential
election (see “Government and Political Conditions” section
below), and despite his May 2008 arrest by Belgian
authorities and transfer to the International Criminal Court
in The Hague, is still the official president of the largest
single opposition party, Mouvement pour la Liberation du
Congo (MLC). Another important opposition party is the Union
pour la Democratie et le Progres Social (UDPS), led by aging
Mobutu opponent Etienne Tshisekedi. Although the UDPS
boycotted the 2006 elections, Tshisekedi announced in August
2010 he would be a presidential candidate and that the UDPS
would participate in the 2011 presidential and parliamentary
elections and the 2012 local elections. Other parties
include Forces du Futur (FDF), Forces Novatrices pour
l'Union et la Solidarite (FONUS), Parti Democrate Social
Chretien (PDSC), Mouvement Social Democratie et
Developpement (MSDD), Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution--
Fait Prive (MPR-FP), Union des Nationalistes et des
Federalistes Congolais (UNAFEC), and Mouvement National
Congolais/ Lumumba (MNC/L). Former rebel movements-turned-
political parties include the Rassemblement Congolais pour
la Democratie (RCD), Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo
(MLC), and independent splinter groups of the RCD (RCD/ML,
RCD/N, RCD/G). The former rebel group Congres National pour
la Defense du Peuple (CNDP) received official status as a
political party in May 2009.
Suffrage: 18 years of age and universal.
Map of Congo (Kinshasa)
This Map of Congo (Kinshasa) shows the borders of the country,
as well as rivers, and cities including Kinshasa the capital
of Congo (Kinshasa). (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Congo (Kinshasa)
The Official Name of Congo (Kinshasa) is the Democratic
Republic of the Congo. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Congo (Kinshasa)
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Congolese.
Population (2010 est.): 68 million.
Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 3.24%.
Ethnic groups: Approximately 250 African ethnic groups; the
Luba, Kongo, and Anamongo are some of the larger groups.
Religions: Christian 70% (Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%);
Kimbanguist 10%; other sects and traditional beliefs 10%;
Language: Official--French. National languages--Lingala,
Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba.
Education: Literacy (2008 est.)--French or local language: 55%
(women), 76% (men). Schooling (2007 est.)--none 21%, primary
46%, secondary 30%, university 3%.
Health (2007 est.): Infant mortality rate--92/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy (2008 est.)--51.3 yrs.
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking