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Countries of the World: Cuba
Resources about Cuba including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Cuba GDP (2009 official estimate, based on constant 1997 prices): $50.01 billion. Real annual growth rate: 3.2% (2001); 1.4% (2002); 3.8% (2003); 5.8% (2004); 11.2% (2005); 12.1% (2006); 7.3% (2007); 4.1% (2008); 1.4% (2009). GDP per capita income (2009 est., based on constant 1997 prices): $4,450. Average monthly salary: $18. Natural resources: Nickel, cobalt, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, oil, natural gas. Agriculture: Products--sugar, citrus and tropical fruits, tobacco, coffee, rice, beans, meat, vegetables. Industry: Types--sugar and food processing, oil refining, cement, electric power, light consumer and industrial products, pharmaceutical and biotech products. Trade: Exports (2008)--$3.68 billion f.o.b.: nickel/cobalt, oil and oil derivatives, pharmaceutical and biotech products, sugar and its byproducts, tobacco, seafood, citrus, tropical fruits, coffee. Major export markets (2008)--Canada $767 million (21%); China $677 million (18%); Venezuela $415 million (11%); Netherlands $289 million (8%); Spain $197 million (5%); Singapore $118 million (3%); Netherlands Antilles $65 million (2%); Italy $64 million (2%); Russia $71 million (2%); others $656 million (18%). Imports (2008)--$14.249 billion f.o.b.: petroleum, food, machinery, chemicals. Major import suppliers (2008)-- Venezuela $4.478 billion (31%); China $1.483 billion (10%); Spain $1.233 billion (9%); United States $801 million (6%); Canada $656 million (4%); Brazil $601 million (4%); Vietnam $520 million (4%); Italy $488 million (3%); Germany $378 million (3%); Mexico $369 million (3%); Russia $269 million (2%); others $1.06 billion (7%). Official exchange rate: U.S. $1 = 0.93 Cuban convertible pesos. Cuba has two currencies in circulation: the peso (CUP), and the convertible peso (CUC), both of which are fixed by the government. In April 2005, the official exchange rate changed from $1 per CUC to $1.08 per CUC (0.93 CUC per $1), both for individuals and enterprises. Individuals can buy 24 Cuban pesos (CUP) for each CUC sold, or sell 25 Cuban pesos for each CUC bought; enterprises, however, must exchange CUP and CUC at a 1:1 ratio. The Cuban Government taxes and receives 10% of each conversion of U.S. dollars into CUCs.

Geography of Cuba Area: 110,860 sq. km. (44,200 sq. mi.); about the size of Pennsylvania. Cities: Capital--Havana (pop. 2 million). Other major cities-- Santiago de Cuba, Camaguey, Santa Clara, Holguin, Guantanamo, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Pinar del Rio. Terrain: Flat or gently rolling plains, hills; mountains up to 2,000 meters (6,000 ft.) in the southeast. Climate: Tropical, moderated by trade winds; dry season (November-April); rainy season (May-October).

Government of Cuba Type: Totalitarian communist state; current government assumed power by force on January 1, 1959. Independence: May 20, 1902. Political party: Cuban Communist Party (PCC); only one party allowed. Administrative subdivisions: 14 provinces, including the city of Havana, and one special municipality (Isle of Youth).

Map of Cuba This Map of Cuba shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Havana the capital of Cuba. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Cuba The Official Name of Cuba is the Republic of Cuba. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Cuba Population: 11.2 million; 75% urban, 25% rural (official 2008 statistics). Ethnic groups: 51% mixed, 37% white, 11% black, 1% Chinese (according to 2002 Cuban census). Language: Spanish. Literacy--99.8% (25 years and older, according to Cuban Government sources). Work force (5.07 million): Services (including education, health and social services)--42%; agriculture--19%; commerce and tourism--12%; industry--11%; transport, storage, and communications--6%; construction--5%; mining, electricity, gas and water--2%.

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