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Resources about Cyprus including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Cyprus
GDP (2008): $24.96 billion.
Annual GDP real growth rate (2008): Government-controlled
Per capita GDP income: Greek Cypriots (2008)--$30,744;
Turkish Cypriots (2008)--$15,984.
Agriculture and natural resources (2008): 2.4% of GDP.
Products--potatoes and other vegetables, citrus fruits,
olives, grapes, wheat, carob seeds. Resources--pyrites,
copper, asbestos, gypsum, lumber, salt, marble, clay, earth
Industry and construction (2008): 19% of GDP. Types--mining,
cement, construction, utilities, manufacturing, chemicals,
non-electric machinery, textiles, footwear, food, beverages,
Services and tourism (2008): 78.6% of GDP. Trade,
restaurants, and hotels 19.8%; transport 7.0%; finance, real
estate, and business 28.5%; government, education, and
health 19.6%; and community and other services 4.5%.
Trade (2008): Exports--$1.716 billion: citrus, grapes, wine,
potatoes, pharmaceuticals, clothing, and footwear. Major
markets--EU (especially Greece and the U.K.), Middle East,
Russia. Imports--$10.803 billion: consumer goods, raw
materials for industry, petroleum and lubricants, food and
feed grains. Major suppliers--Greece, Italy, Germany, U.K.
(U.S. trade surplus--for 2008: $176.8 million.)
Geography of Cyprus
Area: 9,251 sq. km. (3,572 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Nicosia (pop. 234,200, 2008 fig.). Other
cities--Limassol, Larnaca, Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia,
Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and
Climate: Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet
Government of Cyprus
Independence: August 16, 1960.
Constitution: August 16, 1960.
Branches: Executive--President elected to 5-yr. term.
Legislative--unicameral House of Representatives, members
elected to 5-yr. terms. Judicial--Supreme Court; six
Administrative subdivisions: Six.
Major political parties: Greek Cypriots--Progressive Party
of Working People or Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou--
AKEL (communist); Democratic Party or Dimokratikon Komma--
DIKO (center-right); Democratic Rally or Dimokratikos
Synagermos--DISY (right); Movement for Social Democracy or
Eleftheron Dimokratikon--EDEK (socialist); United Democrats
or Enomeni Dimokrates--ED (center-left). Turkish Cypriots--
National Unity Party or Ulusal Birlik Partisi--UBP (right);
Democrat Party or Demokrat Partisi--DP (center-right);
Republican Turkish Party or Cumhuriyetci Turk Partisi--CTP
(center-left); Freedom and Reform Party or Free Party--
Ozgurluk ve Reform Partisi--OP (center-right); Communal
Democracy Party or Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi--TDP.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.
Map of Cyprus
This Map of Cyprus shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Nicosia the capital of Cyprus. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Cyprus
The Official Name of Cyprus is the Republic of Cyprus. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Cyprus
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Cypriot(s).
Population: Government-controlled area 796,900 (end-2008
est.); area administered by Turkish Cypriots 268,011 (2007
Annual population growth rate: Government-controlled area
1.0% (2008 est.); area administered by Turkish Cypriots 4.1%
Ethnic groups (1960 census): Greek (77%), Turkish (18%),
Maronite and Armenian (1%), and other (4%).
Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic,
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English.
Education: Years compulsory--6 in elementary; 3 in high
school. Attendance--almost 100%. Literacy--about 99%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--7.04/1,000. Life expectancy--
77 yrs.; males 75 yrs.; females 80 years.
Work force: Government-controlled area (2008), 379,100:
agriculture and mining--7.5%; industry and construction--
20.4%; and services--72.1%. Turkish Cypriot-administered
area (2007), 89,787: agriculture and mining--3.6%; industry
and construction--20.5%; and services--75.9%.
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