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Countries of the World: El Salvador
Resources about El Salvador including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of El Salvador GDP (2008): $22.3 billion; PPP GDP (2008): $43.94 billion (IMF estimate). GDP annual real growth rate (2009): -3.5%. Per capita income (2007): $3,547; PPP per capita income $5,842 (2007 IMF estimate). Agriculture (11.2% of GDP, 2007): Products--coffee, sugar, livestock, corn, poultry, and sorghum. Arable, cultivated, or pasture land--68% (2005). Industry (20.6% of GDP, 2007): Types--textiles and apparel, medicines, food and beverage processing, clothing, chemical products, petroleum products, electronics, call centers. Trade (2008): Exports--$4.6 billion: textiles and apparel, ethyl alcohol, coffee, sugar, medicines, iron and steel products, tuna, light manufacturing, and paper products. Major markets--U.S. 50.8%, Central American Common Market (CACM) 33.7%. Imports--$9 billion: petroleum, iron products, machines and mechanical devices, cars, medicines, consumer goods, foodstuffs, capital goods, and raw industrial materials. Major suppliers--U.S. 35.6%, CACM 16.8%, Mexico 9.8%.

Geography of El Salvador Area: 20,742 sq. km. (8,008 sq. mi.); about the size of Massachusetts. Cities: Capital--San Salvador (pop. 1.6 million). Other cities--Santa Ana, San Miguel, Soyapango, and Apopa. Terrain: Mountains separate country into three distinct regions--southern coastal belt, central valleys and plateaus, and northern mountains. Climate: Tropical, distinct wet and dry seasons.

Government of El Salvador Type: Republic. Constitution: December 20, 1983. Independence: September 15, 1821. Branches: Executive--president and vice president. Legislative--84-member Legislative Assembly. Judicial-- independent (Supreme Court). Administrative subdivisions: 14 departments. Political parties (represented in the legislature): Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA), National Conciliation Party (PCN), Christian Democratic Party (PDC), and Democratic Change (CD). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of El Salvador This Map of El Salvador shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including San Salvador the capital of El Salvador. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of El Salvador The Official Name of El Salvador is the Republic of El Salvador. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of El Salvador Nationality: Noun and adjective--Salvadoran(s). Population (2009 est.): 7.2 million. Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.7%. Ethnic groups: Mestizo 90%, indigenous 1%, Caucasian 9%. Religion (2003 est.): About 57% Roman Catholic, with significant and growing numbers of Protestant groups. Language: Spanish. Education: Free through high school. Attendance (grades 1-9)-- 92.4%. Literacy--86.1% nationally; 77.6% in rural areas. Health: Infant mortality rate (2006)--22/1,000 (source: UNICEF). Life expectancy at birth (2008)--72.1 years. Work force (about 2.9 million, 2008): Agriculture--17%; retail, hotels, and restaurants--29.8%; industry--16.9%; construction--6.3%; other services--20.9% (2007).

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