Countries of the World:
Resources about Eritrea including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Eritrea
Real GDP (2009 est.): $1.87 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 3.6%.
Per capita GNI (2008, World Bank): $640 (purchasing power
parity); $300 (Atlas method).
Avg. inflation rate (2008 est.): 18%.
Mineral resources: Gold, copper, iron ore, potash, oil.
Agriculture (24% of GDP in 2007): Products--millet, sorghum,
teff, wheat, barley, flax, cotton, papayas, citrus fruits,
bananas, beans and lentils, potatoes, vegetables, fish,
dairy products, meat, and skins. Cultivated land--10% of
Industry (19% of GDP in 2007): Types--processed food and
dairy products, alcoholic beverages, leather goods,
textiles, chemicals, cement and other construction
materials, salt, paper, and matches.
Trade: Exports (2005 est.)--$12 million: skins, meat, live
sheep and cattle, gum arabic. Major markets--Middle East
(Saudi Arabia, Yemen), Europe (Italy), Djibouti, and Sudan.
Imports (2005 est.)--$474 million: food, military materiel,
and fuel, manufactured goods, machinery and transportation
equipment. Major suppliers--U.A.E., Saudi Arabia, Italy,
Geography of Eritrea
Area: 125,000 sq. km. (48,000 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Asmara (est. pop. 435,000). Other cities--
Keren (57,000); Assab (28,000); Massawa (25,000); Afabet
(25,000); Tessenie (25,000); Mendefera (25,000); Dekemhare
(20,000); Adekeieh (15,000); Barentu (15,000); Ghinda
Terrain: Central highlands straddle escarpment associated with
Rift Valley, dry coastal plains, and western lowlands.
Climate: Temperate in the highlands; hot in the lowlands.
Government of Eritrea
Type: Transitional government.
Independence: Eritrea officially celebrated its independence
on May 24, 1993.
Constitution: Ratified May 24, 1997, but not yet implemented.
Branches: Executive--president, cabinet. Legislative--
Transitional National Assembly (does not meet). Judicial--
Administrative subdivisions: Six administrative regions.
Political party: People's Front for Democracy and Justice
(name adopted by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front when
it established itself as a political party).
Suffrage: Universal, age 18 and above (although no national
elections have been held).
Central government budget (2005 est.): $485 million.
Defense (2004 est.): $185 million.
Map of Eritrea
This Map of Eritrea shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Asmara the capital of Eritrea.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Eritrea
The Official Name of Eritrea is the State of Eritrea. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Eritrea
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Eritrean(s).
Population (2010 est.): 5.6 million.
Annual population growth rate: 2.5%.
Ethnic groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.4%, Saho 5%, Afar 5%,
Beja 2.5%, Bilen 2.1%, Kunama 2%, Nara 1.5%, and Rashaida
Religions: Christian 50%, mostly Orthodox, Muslim 48%,
indigenous beliefs 2%.
Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance--elementary (net
2002) 45.2%; secondary (net 2002) 21.2%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2003)--43/1,000. Life
Work force: Agriculture (2009)--17.3%; Services--
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