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Countries of the World: Eritrea
Resources about Eritrea including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Eritrea Real GDP (2009 est.): $1.87 billion. Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 3.6%. Per capita GNI (2008, World Bank): $640 (purchasing power parity); $300 (Atlas method). Avg. inflation rate (2008 est.): 18%. Mineral resources: Gold, copper, iron ore, potash, oil. Agriculture (24% of GDP in 2007): Products--millet, sorghum, teff, wheat, barley, flax, cotton, papayas, citrus fruits, bananas, beans and lentils, potatoes, vegetables, fish, dairy products, meat, and skins. Cultivated land--10% of arable land. Industry (19% of GDP in 2007): Types--processed food and dairy products, alcoholic beverages, leather goods, textiles, chemicals, cement and other construction materials, salt, paper, and matches. Trade: Exports (2005 est.)--$12 million: skins, meat, live sheep and cattle, gum arabic. Major markets--Middle East (Saudi Arabia, Yemen), Europe (Italy), Djibouti, and Sudan. Imports (2005 est.)--$474 million: food, military materiel, and fuel, manufactured goods, machinery and transportation equipment. Major suppliers--U.A.E., Saudi Arabia, Italy, Germany, Belgium.

Geography of Eritrea Area: 125,000 sq. km. (48,000 sq. mi.); about the size of Pennsylvania. Cities: Capital--Asmara (est. pop. 435,000). Other cities-- Keren (57,000); Assab (28,000); Massawa (25,000); Afabet (25,000); Tessenie (25,000); Mendefera (25,000); Dekemhare (20,000); Adekeieh (15,000); Barentu (15,000); Ghinda (15,000). Terrain: Central highlands straddle escarpment associated with Rift Valley, dry coastal plains, and western lowlands. Climate: Temperate in the highlands; hot in the lowlands.

Government of Eritrea Type: Transitional government. Independence: Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1993. Constitution: Ratified May 24, 1997, but not yet implemented. Branches: Executive--president, cabinet. Legislative-- Transitional National Assembly (does not meet). Judicial-- Supreme Court. Administrative subdivisions: Six administrative regions. Political party: People's Front for Democracy and Justice (name adopted by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front when it established itself as a political party). Suffrage: Universal, age 18 and above (although no national elections have been held). Central government budget (2005 est.): $485 million. Defense (2004 est.): $185 million.

Map of Eritrea This Map of Eritrea shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Asmara the capital of Eritrea. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Eritrea The Official Name of Eritrea is the State of Eritrea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Eritrea Nationality: Noun and adjective--Eritrean(s). Population (2010 est.): 5.6 million. Annual population growth rate: 2.5%. Ethnic groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.4%, Saho 5%, Afar 5%, Beja 2.5%, Bilen 2.1%, Kunama 2%, Nara 1.5%, and Rashaida 0.5%. Religions: Christian 50%, mostly Orthodox, Muslim 48%, indigenous beliefs 2%. Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance--elementary (net 2002) 45.2%; secondary (net 2002) 21.2%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2003)--43/1,000. Life expectancy--61 yrs. Work force: Agriculture (2009)--17.3%; Services-- 59.5%Industry--23.2%.

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