Countries of the World:
Resources about Ethiopia including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Ethiopia
GDP (FY 2008-2009): $32.3 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009-2010, government estimate): 9.9%.
GDP per capita (2009): $404
Average inflation rate (FY 2008-2009): 36%.
Natural resources: Potash, salt, gold, copper, platinum,
natural gas (unexploited).
Agriculture (45% of GDP): Products--coffee, cereals, pulses,
oilseeds, khat, meat, hides and skins. Cultivated land--17%.
Industry (13% of GDP): Types--textiles, processed foods,
construction, cement, and hydroelectric power.
Services (42% of GDP).
Trade (2008): Exports--$1.5 billion. Imports--$6.8 billion;
plus remittances--official est. $970 million; unofficial est.
Fiscal year: July 8-July 7.
Geography of Ethiopia
Area: 1.1 million sq. km (472,000 sq. mi.); about the size of
Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico combined.
Cities: Capital--Addis Ababa (pop. 5 million). Other cities--
Dire Dawa (237,000), Nazret (189,000), Gondar (163,000),
Dessie (142,000), Mekelle (141,000), Bahir Dar (140,000),
Jimma (132,000), Awassa (104,000).
Terrain: High plateau, mountains, dry lowland plains.
Climate: Temperate in the highlands; hot in the lowlands.
Government of Ethiopia
Type: Federal republic.
Constitution: Ratified 1994.
Branches: Executive--president, Council of State, Council of
Ministers. Executive power resides with the prime minister.
Legislative--bicameral parliament. Judicial--divided into
federal and regional courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 9 regions and 2 special city
administrations: Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.
Political parties: Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic
Front (EPRDF), the Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ)
party, the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces (UEDF), Oromo
Federalist Democratic Movement (OFDM), and other small
Suffrage: Universal starting at age 18.
Central government budget (2009/2010): $5.2 billion.
Defense: $354 million (1.19% of GDP FY 2009/2010).
National holiday: May 28.
Map of Ethiopia
This Map of Ethiopia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Addis Ababa the capital of
Ethiopia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Ethiopia
The Official Name of Ethiopia is the Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Ethiopia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Ethiopian(s).
Population (est.): 80 million.
Annual growth rate (est.): 3.2%.
Ethnic groups (est.): Oromo 40%, Amhara 25%, Tigre 7%, Somali
6%, Sidama 9%, Gurage 2%, Wolaita 4%, Afar 4%, other
Religions (est.): Ethiopian Orthodox Christian 40%, Sunni
Muslim 45-50%, Protestant 5%, remainder indigenous beliefs.
Languages: Amharic (official), Tigrinya, Arabic, Guaragigna,
Oromifa, English, Somali.
Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance (elementary)--
Health: Infant mortality rate--93/1,000 live births.
Work force: Agriculture--80%. Industry and commerce--20%.
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