Countries of the World:
Resources about Finland including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Finland
GDP: $238.4 billion (EUR 170.9 billion).
GDP growth rate: -7.8%.
Per capita income: $44,668 (EUR 32,025).
Inflation rate: 0.0% (2009); 0.1% (February 2010).
Natural resources: Forests, minerals (copper, zinc, iron),
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (2.9% of GDP):
Products--meat (pork and beef), grain (wheat, rye, barley,
oats), dairy products, potatoes, rapeseed.
Industry (31.6% of GDP): Types--metal (including electronics
and electrical equipment) and engineering, forest products,
chemicals, shipbuilding, foodstuffs, textiles.
Trade: Exports--$62.6 billion. Major markets--EU 55.6%, Russia
9%, U.S. 7.8%, China 4.1%. Imports--$60.3 billion. Major
suppliers--EU 56.4%, Russia 16.2%, China 7.9%, U.S. 3.4%.
Exchange rate (2009): 1.3948 euros (EUR) = U.S. $0.7169.
Geography of Finland
Area: 338,144 sq. km. (130,558 sq. miles); about the size of
New England, New Jersey, and New York combined.
Cities: Capital--Helsinki (pop. 564,521). Other cities--Espoo
(235,000), Tampere (204,000), Vantaa (189,711), Turku
Terrain: Low but hilly, more than 70% forested; 188,000 lakes
and 179,584 islands, 98,050 of which are in the lakes.
Climate: Northern temperate.
Government of Finland
Type: Constitutional republic.
Constitution: July 17, 1919; March 2000.
Independence: December 6, 1917.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), Council of State (cabinet).
Legislative--unicameral parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court,
regional appellate courts, local courts.
Subdivisions: Six provinces, provincial self-rule for the
Political parties: Social Democratic Party, Center Party,
National Coalition (Conservative) Party, Leftist Alliance,
Swedish People's Party, Green League, Christian Democrats,
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Finland
This Map of Finland shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Helsinki the capital of
Finland. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Finland
The Official Name of Finland is the Republic of Finland.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Finland
Nationality: Noun--Finn(s). Adjective--Finnish.
Population (December 2008): 5.32 million.
Population growth rate (2007): 0.4%.
Ethnic groups: Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Sami, Roma, Tatars.
Religions: Lutheran 80.7%, Orthodox 1.1%.
Languages: Finnish 90.9%, Swedish 5.4% (both official); small
Lapp- (0.03%) and Russian-speaking (0.8%) minorities.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Attendance--almost 100%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--2.8/1,000 (2006). Life
expectancy--males 75.6 yrs., females 82.8 yrs.
Work force (2.7 million; of which 2.5 million are employed):
Public services--32%; industry--19%; commerce--15.9%; finance,
insurance, and business services--14.5%; agriculture and
forestry--4.5%; transport and communications--6.8%;
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking