Countries of the World:
Resources about France including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of France
GDP (2009): $2.66 trillion.
Avg. annual growth rate (2009): -2.5%, compared with 0.1% in
Per capita GDP at PPP (2009): $33,678.
Agriculture: Products--grains (wheat, barley, corn); wines
and spirits; dairy products; sugar beets; oilseeds; meat and
poultry; fruits and vegetables.
Industry: Types--aircraft, electronics, transportation,
textiles, clothing, food processing, chemicals, machinery,
Services: Types--Services to companies and individuals,
financial and real estate activities, tourism and
Trade: Exports (2009)--$482.3 billion (f.o.b.): automobiles,
aircraft and aircraft components, pharmaceuticals,
automobile equipment, iron and steel products, refined
petroleum products, cosmetics, organic chemicals, electronic
components, wine and champagne. Imports (2009)--$543.5
billion (f.o.b.): oil and natural gas, automobiles, aircraft
and aircraft components, refined petroleum products,
automobile equipment, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel
products, and computers/computer-related products. Major
trading partners--EU and U.S.
Exchange rate: U.S. $1=0.72 euro in 2009.
Geography of France
Area: 551,670 sq. km. (220,668 sq. mi.); largest west European
country, about four-fifths the size of Texas.
Cities: Capital--Paris. Major cities--Marseille, Lyon,
Toulouse, Strasbourg, Nice, Rennes, Lille, Bordeaux.
Government of France
Constitution: September 28, 1958.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state); prime
minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral
Parliament (577-member National Assembly, 319-member
Senate). Judicial--Court of Cassation (civil and criminal
law), Council of State (administrative court),
Constitutional Council (constitutional law).
Subdivisions: 22 administrative regions containing 96
departments (metropolitan France). Thirteen territories
outside metropolitan France: four overseas departments which
are also regions (French abbreviation is DOM-ROM)--
Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Reunion; six
overseas collectivities ("Collectivités d'Outre-mer" or
COM)--French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Saint-
Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthelemy
Island, and Mayotte, which in March 2009 voted to become a
full overseas department, and is likely to be recognized as
such in 2011; one overseas country of France ("Pays d'Outre-
mer" or POM)--New Caledonia; and the French Southern and
Antarctic Territories and the atoll of Clipperton.
Political parties: Union for a Popular Movement (UMP--a
synthesis of center-right Gaullist/nationalist and free-
market parties); Socialist Party; New Center (former UDF
centrists now affiliated with the UMP); Democratic Movement
(former UDF centrists loyal to MoDem President Francois
Bayrou); Communist Party; extreme right National Front;
Greens; various minor parties.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of France
This Map of France shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including Paris the capital of France. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of France
The Official Name of France is the French Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of France
Population (January 1, 2010 est.): 64.7 million (including
overseas territories); 62.8 million (metropolitan).
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.5%.
Ethnic groups: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North
African, Sub-Saharan African, Indochinese, and Basque
Religion: Roman Catholic 85% (est.), Muslim 10% (est.),
Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%.
Education: Years compulsory--10. Literacy--99%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--3.8/1,000.
Work force (2009): 28.1 million (preliminary): Services--
74.7%; industry and commerce--22.0%; agriculture--3.2%.
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