Countries of the World:
Resources about Gabon including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Gabon
Real GDP (2010 est.): $14 billion.
Annual real growth rate (2010 est.): 5.4%.
Per capita income (2010 est.): $8,600.
Avg. inflation rate (2010 est.): 5%.
Natural resources: Petroleum, timber, manganese, uranium,
Agriculture and forestry (4% of GDP): Products--manioc,
rubber, sugar, and pineapples. Cultivated land--approximately
Industry (64% of GDP): Types--petroleum related, wood
processing, food and beverage processing.
Services (32% of GDP): Types--government services, tourism.
Trade (2007): $8.499 billion. Exports--61% of GDP (f.o.b.):
petroleum, wood, manganese. Major markets--U.S. 16.6%, China
15.9%, EU 13.7%, France 4.3%. Imports--30% of GDP (f.o.b.):
construction equipment, machinery, food, automobiles,
manufactured goods. Major suppliers--EU 56.9%, France 32.2%,
U.S. 7.9%, China 7.0%, Belgium 5.0%. Current account balance
with U.S. (2009)--$1.060 billion.
Geography of Gabon
Area: 267,667 sq. km. (103,347 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Libreville (pop. 673,995). Other cities--
Port-Gentil (150,000), Franceville (31,183).
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; hilly, heavily forested
interior (about 80% forested); some savanna regions in east
Climate: Hot and humid all year with two rainy and two dry
Government of Gabon
Independence: August 17, 1960.
Constitution: February 21, 1961 (revised April 15, 1975;
rewritten March 26, 1991; revised July 29, 2003).
Branches: Executive--president (head of state); prime minister
(head of government) and appointed Council of Ministers.
Legislative--bicameral legislature (National Assembly and
Senate). Judicial--Supreme Court and Constitutional Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 9 provinces, 36 prefectures, and
Political parties: Parti Democratique Gabonais (PDG) holds the
largest number of seats in the National Assembly; l’Union
Nationale (UN); Union du Peuple Gabonais (UPG); Rassemblement
du Peuple Gabonais (RPG).
Suffrage: Universal, direct.
Central government budget (2010 est.): Receipts--$2.7 billion;
expenses--$2.4 billion; defense (2007)--3.5% of government
Map of Gabon
This Map of Gabon shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Libreville the capital of Gabon.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Gabon
The Official Name of Gabon is the Gabonese Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Gabon
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Gabonese (sing. and pl.).
Population (2010 est.): 1,545,255.
Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.025%.
Ethnic groups: Fang (largest), Myene, Bapounou, Eshira,
Bandjabi, Bakota, Nzebi, Bateke/Obamba.
Religions: Christian (55%-75%), Muslim (5%-10%), animist less
Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke,
Education: Years compulsory--to age 16. Attendance--94%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--55/1,000. Life expectancy--60
Work force (600,000 est.): Agriculture--52%; industry and
commerce--16%; services and government--33%.
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