Countries of the World:
Resources about Germany including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Germany
GDP (2009 nom.): $3.339 trillion.
Annual growth rate: (2010 est.) 3.5%; (2009) -4.7%; (2008)
Per capita GDP (2009 nom.): $44,525.
Inflation rate (September 2010): 1.3%.
Unemployment rate (October 2010): 7.5%.
Agriculture (0.9% of GDP in 2010): Products--corn, wheat,
potatoes, sugar, beets, barley, hops, viticulture, forestry,
Industry (26.8% of GDP in 2010): Types--car-making;
mechanical, electrical, and precision engineering; chemicals;
environmental technology; optics; medical technology; biotech
and genetic engineering; nanotechnology; aerospace; logistics.
Trade (2009): Exports--$1.124 trillion: chemicals, motor
vehicles, iron and steel products, manufactured goods,
electrical products. Major markets (2009)--France,
Netherlands, U.S. Imports--$937 billion: food, petroleum
products, manufactured goods, electrical products, motor
vehicles, apparel. Major suppliers--Netherlands, China,
Geography of Germany
Area: 357,114 sq. km. (137,846 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities (2007): Capital--Berlin (population about 3.41
million). Other cities--Hamburg (1.77 million), Munich (1.31
million), Cologne (1 million), Frankfurt (671,000), Essen
(567,000), Dortmund (581,000), Stuttgart (602,000), Dusseldorf
(586,000), Bremen (548,000), Hanover (521,000).
Terrain: Low plain in the north; high plains, hills, and
basins in the center and east; mountainous alpine region in
Climate: Temperate; cooler and rainier than much of the United
Government of Germany
Type: Federal republic.
Founded: 1949 (Basic Law, i.e., Constitution, promulgated on
May 23, 1949). On October 3, 1990, the Federal Republic of
Germany and the German Democratic Republic unified in
accordance with Article 23 of the F.R.G. Basic Law.
Branches: Executive--president (titular chief of state),
chancellor (executive head of government); legislative--
bicameral parliament; judicial--independent, Federal
Administrative divisions: 16 Laender (states).
Major political parties: Social Democratic Party (SPD);
Christian Democratic Union (CDU); Christian Social Union
(CSU); Alliance 90/Greens; Free Democratic Party (FDP); Left
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Germany
This Map of Germany shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Berlin the capital of Germany.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Germany
The Official Name of Germany is the Federal Republic of
Germany. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Germany
Nationality: Noun and adjective--German(s).
Population (January 1, 2010 estimate): 82,329,758.
Population growth rate (% per annum, 2010 est.): -0.053%.
Urban population (2008): 74%.
Ethnic groups (2010): German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1%
(made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-
Croatian, Spanish); Danish minority in the north, Sorbian
(Slavic) minority in the east.
Religions: Protestant 34%; Roman Catholic 34%; Muslim 3.7%;
unaffiliated or other 28.3%.
Education: Years compulsory--10; attendance--100%; literacy--
Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--3.99/1,000; life
expectancy (2010)--women 82.42 years, men 76.26 years.
Persons employed (second quarter 2010): 40.3 million.
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