Countries of the World:
Resources about Guinea-Bissau including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Guinea-Bissau
GDP (2009): $826 million.
Annual growth rate (2009): 3%.
GDP per capita (2009): $512.
Natural resources: Fish and timber. Bauxite and phosphate
deposits are not exploited; offshore petroleum.
Agriculture (62% of GDP): Products--cashews, tropical fruits,
rice, peanuts, cotton, palm oil. Arable land--11%. Forested--
Industry (12% of GDP): Cashew processing. Very little
industrial capacity remains following the 1998 internal
Trade (2009): Exports--$114.8 million: cashews ($110.1
million); fish; shrimp; peanuts; palm kernels; sawn lumber.
Major markets (2008)--India 56.8%, Nigeria 35.6%, Pakistan
1.2%. Imports--$146.4 million: food products ($58.1 million),
petroleum products ($35 million). Major suppliers (2008)--
Portugal 24.5%, Senegal 17.2%, Pakistan 4.8%, France 4.6%.
Currency: West African franc (CFAF): 446 CFAF = U.S. $1.
Geography of Guinea-Bissau
Area (including Bijagos Archipelago): 36,125 sq. km., about
the size of Maryland.
Cities: Capital--Bissau. Other cities--Bafata, Gabu,
Canchungo, Farim, Cacheu.
Regions: Oio, Tombali, Cacheu, Bolama, Quinara, Biombo,
Terrain: Coastal plain; savanna in the east.
Government of Guinea-Bissau
Type: Republic, multi-party since 1991.
Independence: September 24, 1973 (proclaimed unilaterally);
September 10, 1974 (de jure from Portugal).
Constitution: Adopted 1984. The National Assembly adopted a
new constitution in 2001, but it was neither promulgated nor
vetoed by the President.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government) and Council of State,
ministers and secretaries of state. Legislature--National
Popular Assembly (ANP), 100 members directly elected in
2008. Judicial--Supreme Court and lower courts.
Administrative subdivisions: Autonomous sector of Bissau and
Political parties: In the November 2008 parliamentary
elections, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-
Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) won 67 seats; the Social
Renovation Party (PRS) won 28 seats; and the Republican
Party for Independence and Development won 3 seats. In
addition to these three major parties, there are numerous
other political parties.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Guinea-Bissau
This Map of Guinea-Bissau shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Bissau the capital of
Guinea-Bissau. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Guinea-Bissau
The Official Name of Guinea-Bissau is the Republic of Guinea-
Bissau. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Guinea-Bissau
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Bissau-Guinean(s).
Population (July 2009 est.): 1,533,964.
Population growth rate (2009): 2.019%.
Ethnic groups: Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga
13%, Papel 7%, others 16%.
Religions: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 40%, Christian 10%.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Creole, French; many
indigenous languages--Balanta-Kentohe 26%, Pulaar 18%, Mandjak
12%, Mandinka 11%, Pepel 9%, Biafada 3%, Mancanha 3%, Bidyogo
2%, Ejamat 2%, Mansoanka 1%, Bainoukgunyuno 1%, Nalu 1%,
Soninke 1%, Badjara 1%, Bayote 0.5%, Kobiana 0.04%, Cassanga
0.04%, Basary 0.03%.
Education: Years compulsory--4. Literacy (2008)--42.4% of
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--99.82 deaths/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy (2009)--47.9 years.
Work force (2007): 632,700. Agriculture--82%; industry,
services, and commerce--13%; government--2%.
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