Countries of the World:
Resources about Holy See including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Holy See
Budget: Revenues (2008; latest year for which figures are
available)--€253 million (approx. $344 million); expenditures
(2008)--€254 million (approx. $345.5 million).
Industries: Worldwide banking and financial activities;
printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps, a small
amount of mosaics, and staff uniforms. This unique,
noncommercial economy is also supported financially by
contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Catholics
throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist
mementos, fees from admissions to museums, and the sale of
publications. The incomes and living standards of lay workers
are comparable to, or somewhat better than, those of
counterparts who work in the city of Rome.
Geography and People of Holy See
Area: Total of 0.44 sq. km. (109 acres).
Population (April 2009): Approximately 800 (citizens and
Ethnic groups: Italian, Swiss, other.
Languages: Italian, Latin, French, various others.
Work force: 3,000 lay workers (reside outside the Vatican).
Government of Holy See
Type: Papacy; ecclesiastical, governmental, and administrative
capital of the Catholic Church.
Independence: Sovereign entity since medieval times (Lateran
Pacts creating Vatican City State and confirming independence
and sovereignty of the Holy See signed with Italy on February
Suffrage: Limited to Cardinals less than 80 years old.
Map of Holy See
This Map of Holy See shows the borders of the country. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Holy See
The Official Name of Holy See is the Holy See. (Facts from the
U.S. State Department)
Profile of Holy See
Note: The Holy See is the universal government of the Catholic
Church and operates from the Vatican City State, a sovereign,
independent territory of 0.44 square kilometers (0.17 square
miles). The Pope is the ruler of both the Vatican City State
and the Holy See. The Holy See, as the supreme body of
government of the Catholic Church, is a sovereign juridical
entity under international law.
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