Countries of the World:
Resources about Hungary including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Hungary
GDP: HUF 26,095 billion (approx. $129 billion, at $1=HUF
202.26 - average exchange rate Jan.-Dec. 2009).
Annual growth rate (2009 est.): -6.3%.
Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $12,866.
Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, and arable
Agriculture/forestry (2008 est., 3.4% of GDP): Products--
meat, corn, wheat, sunflower seeds, potatoes, sugar beets,
and dairy products.
Industry and construction (2008 est., 45.4% of GDP): Types--
machinery, vehicles, chemicals, precision and measuring
equipment, computer products, medical instruments,
pharmaceuticals, and textiles.
Trade (2009): Exports ($83.0 billion)--machinery, vehicles,
food, beverages, tobacco, crude materials, manufactured
goods, fuels and electric energy. Imports ($77.4 billion)--
machinery, vehicles, manufactured goods, fuels and electric
energy, food, beverages, and tobacco. Major markets--EU
(Germany, Austria, Italy, France, U.K., Romania, Poland).
Major suppliers--EU (Germany, Austria, Italy, France,
Netherlands, Poland), Russia, and China.
Geography of Hungary
Area: 93,030 sq. km. (35,910 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities: Capital--Budapest (est. pop. 2 million). Other cities-
-Debrecen (220,000); Miskolc (208,000); Szeged (189,000); Pecs
Terrain: Mostly flat, with low mountains in the north and
northeast and north of Lake Balaton.
Government of Hungary
Constitution: August 20, 1949. Substantially rewritten in
1989, amended in 1990.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), Council of Ministers. Legislative--
National Assembly (386 members, 4-year term). Judicial--
Supreme Court and Constitutional Court.
Administrative regions: 19 counties plus capital region of
Principal political parties: Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Party--
center-right; Christian Democratic People’s Party (KDNP)--
center-right; Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)--center-left;
Politics Can Be Different (LMP)--Green party; Movement for a
Better Hungary (Jobbik)--far-right.
Map of Hungary
This Map of Hungary shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Budapest the capital of Hungary. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Hungary
The Official Name of Hungary is the Republic of Hungary.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Hungary
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Hungarian(s).
Population (December 2009 est.): 10,011,000.
Ethnic groups: Magyar 89.9%, Romany 4% (est.), German 2.6%,
Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%.
Religions (2001 census): Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist
15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, Jewish 1%, others,
including Baptist Adventist, Pentecostal, Unitarian 3%.
Languages: Magyar 98.2%, other 1.8%.
Education: Compulsory to age 16. Attendance--96%. Literacy--
Health (2007 est.): Infant mortality rate--8.21/1,000. Life
expectancy--men 68.73 yrs., women 77.38 yrs.
Work force (2006 est., 4.21 million): Agriculture--5.5%;
industry and commerce--33.3%; services--61.2%.
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